Author Guidelines


Authors are requested to submit their manuscripts by using the OJS online submission system available at This site will guide authors through the submission process. The editorial office will acknowledge receipt of the manuscript. In case of difficulty, please contact the editorial office ( Editors will decide, within two weeks, whether to further process the paper for the refereeing stage. When submitting a manuscript, the corresponding author must confirm the following in writing:

  1. All authors listed have read and approved the material being submitted.
  2. The text and findings reported therein are wholly the work of the authors and those acknowledged.

The manuscript submitted or the data contained therein has not been published or accepted for publication in any other journal and is not under consideration for publication elsewhere.


Papers may be returned to authors for revision. Authors will be given some times after receipt of the reviewers' comments to revise their papers. Revisions must be submitted within due date that editor assign through the online submission system. A paper will be automatically rejected if the revision is not submitted within the due date.


Papers may be rejected, but authors are allowed to resubmit them, provided that significant improvements have been made. Resubmissions will be treated as new submissions.


Authors must use the Microsoft Word template to prepare their manuscript. Using the template file will substantially shorten the time to complete copy-editing and publication of accepted manuscripts. The total amount of data for all files must not exceed 20 MB. If this is a problem, please contact the Editorial Office email editor.

Manuscripts prepared in Microsoft Word must be converted into a single file before submission. When preparing manuscripts in Microsoft Word, select the target journal you want to submit below heca Publication template file must be used. Please insert your graphics (schemes, figures, etc.) in the main text after the paragraph of its first citation.


Title page

The organization shown below should be followed (in the order given):

  1. Title of the paper
  2. Author name(s)
  3. Author affiliation(s)
  4. Address(es) of the institution(s) at which the work was performed
  5. Name, postal and e-mail addresses, and phone and fax numbers of the corresponding author to whom the revision or galley proofs of the paper are to be sent.

The title should be brief and should not exceed 25 words. The affiliation address for each author should be indicated by superscript Arabic numbers (1, 2, 3, etc.)


An abstract is a concise summary of a case report that provides readers with a quick overview of the essential information. The abstract should be written in a clear and concise manner, with a maximum word count of 300 words. It should provide a brief introduction to the case. The abstract should highlight the unique aspects of the case and any important learning points. In conclusion, a well-written abstract is an essential part of a case report, providing readers with a quick summary of the case and its significance.


Immediately after the abstract, provide a maximum of 7 keywords written in alphabetical order. Please avoid general terms, multiple concepts (avoid, for example, and or of), and abbreviations. Only abbreviations firmly established in the field are eligible.


The introduction of a case report provides the reader with an overview of the patient and the reason for the report. The introduction should begin with a brief background of the patient's medical history and chief complaint. It should then explain the purpose of the report, such as the need to present a unique or rare case or to highlight a new treatment modality. The introduction should also include a concise statement of the case's significance, and why it is relevant to the medical community. Additionally, it may be helpful to provide a brief literature review to give context to the case and highlight any previous research on the topic. Overall, the introduction should be clear and engaging, giving readers a clear understanding of the patient and the purpose of the report.


Provides detailed information about the patient's medical history, physical examination, and diagnostic workup. This section should be well-organized and clearly written, providing readers with a comprehensive understanding of the case. It should include all relevant medical data, such as laboratory values, imaging results, and pathology reports. It may also be helpful to include photographs or diagrams to illustrate the case. The main body should be written in a logical sequence, detailing the patient's symptoms, examination findings, and the steps taken to reach a diagnosis.


The discussions section should provide an opportunity to interpret the case findings and discuss their significance. This section should begin with a restatement of the case's purpose and significance. It should then explore the implications of the case, such as any potential new treatment modalities or diagnostic techniques. It may also be helpful to discuss any limitations of the case or areas for future research. The discussion should be supported by evidence and references to the relevant literature.


The conclusions section should summarize the key findings of the report and their significance. It should also reiterate the purpose of the report and its potential impact on clinical practice. The conclusion should be clear and concise, leaving the reader with a clear understanding of the case and its implications. Finally, it may be appropriate to include any final thoughts or recommendations for future research.


This section should thank individuals or organizations that contributed to the study in any way, but did not qualify for authorship. This may include technical support, funding, or helpful discussions.

Conflicts of Interest

The section should disclose any potential or actual conflicts of interest that may have influenced the study design, interpretation of the results, or reporting of the findings. If there is no conflict of interest, authors should state that “All the authors declare that there are no conflicts of interest.”.

Data Availability Statement

The data availability statement should state whether data is available and how it can be accessed. It should also provide any necessary details on data sharing policies.


References should be numbered in order of appearance in the text and listed at the end of the article. The list should include all sources cited in the article, including books, journal articles, and online sources. Each reference should be identified by a number in square brackets and listed in numerical order, for example, "according to the findings by Anderson [4]” and “as discussed extensively in related works [5,6]”.

For example:

  1. Lastname, F. M., and Lastname, F. M. (Year). Journal Article Title. Journal Name, Vol. x, No. X, pp xx-xx, doi:xxxx
  2. Lastname, F. M. (Year). Proceeding Article Title. Conference Name. City, Vol. XX, pp XX-XX, doi:xxxx
  3. Lastname, F. M. (Year). Book Title. Publisher, City
  4. Lastname, F. M. (Year). Website Source Title. Retrieved from URL, accessed DD-MM-YYYY