Cultivating Energy Conscious Communities: The Path to Increased Efficiency


  • Dewi Putriani Yogosara Lodewijk Graduate School of Renewable Energy, Darma Persada University, Jl. Raden Inten 2, Pondok Kelapa, East Jakarta 13450, Indonesia; Die Grone-Bildungszentren Hamburg Heinrich-Grone-Stieg 1-4, Hamburg 20097, Germany
  • Erkata Yandri Graduate School of Renewable Energy, Darma Persada University, Jl. Raden Inten 2, Pondok Kelapa, East Jakarta 13450, Indonesia; Center of Renewable Energy Studies, Darma Persada University, Jl. Raden Inten 2, Pondok Kelapa, East Jakarta 13450, Indonesia
  • Novan Murdiyansah Graduate School of Renewable Energy, Darma Persada University, Jl. Raden Inten 2, Pondok Kelapa, East Jakarta 13450, Indonesia
  • Ratna Ariati Graduate School of Renewable Energy, Darma Persada University, Jl. Raden Inten 2, Pondok Kelapa, East Jakarta 13450, Indonesia; Center of Renewable Energy Studies, Darma Persada University, Jl. Raden Inten 2, Pondok Kelapa, East Jakarta 13450, Indonesia



Community empowerment, Community role and awareness, Sustainable energy, Energy efficiency, Theory planned behavior


This research addresses the critical need for increased energy efficiency in communities, emphasizing the pivotal role of community involvement and awareness. With the growing concern for sustainable energy practices, empowering communities to contribute to energy efficiency initiatives is imperative. Thus, the research aims to investigate and understand the role of community empowerment in increasing energy efficiency through community role and awareness. The theory applied to the research is the theory of planned behavior. A descriptive quantitative approach is employed, utilizing a structured questionnaire based on the Likert scale. Then, after the questionnaires were collected, statistical data processing was carried out using the T-test, F-test, and validity and reliability tests. The questionnaire gauges participants' perceptions and behaviors about energy efficiency, enabling a comprehensive analysis of the community's role and awareness in promoting sustainable energy practices. Preliminary findings indicate a positive correlation between community empowerment, heightened awareness, and increased energy efficiency. The Likert scale responses provide valuable insights into the areas where communities excel and areas that require targeted interventions. The data also reveal notable patterns in community behaviors and perceptions of energy consumption and conservation. In conclusion, the research underscores the significance of community empowerment as a catalyst for enhancing energy efficiency. The findings suggest that fostering community awareness and active involvement can lead to tangible improvements in sustainable energy practices. This study contributes valuable insights for policymakers, community leaders, and energy advocates seeking effective strategies to address the global energy challenge through localized, community-driven initiatives.


Download data is not yet available.


  1. International Energy Agency. (2023). World Energy Outlook 2023.
  2. Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries. (2023). World Oil Outlook 2023 Sees Global Oil Demand at 116 mb/d in 2045.
  3. Khalid Latif, Muhammad Yousaf Raza, Chaudhary, G. M., and Adeel Arshad. (2020). Analysis of Energy Crisis, Energy Security and Potential of Renewable Energy: Evidence from Pakistan, Journal of Accounting and Finance in Emerging Economies, Vol. 6, No. 1, 167–182. doi:10.26710/jafee.v6i1.1075. DOI:
  4. Qazi, A., Hussain, F., Rahim, N. A. B. D., Hardaker, G., Alghazzawi, D., Shaban, K., and Haruna, K. (2019). Towards Sustainable Energy: A Systematic Review of Renewable Energy Sources, Technologies, and Public Opinions, IEEE Access, Vol. 7, 63837–63851. doi:10.1109/ACCESS.2019.2906402. DOI:
  5. Idroes, G. M., Syahnur, S., Majid, M. S. A., Idroes, R., Kusumo, F., and Hardi, I. (2023). Unveiling the Carbon Footprint: Biomass vs. Geothermal Energy in Indonesia, Ekonomikalia Journal of Economics, Vol. 1, No. 1, 10–18. doi:10.60084/eje.v1i1.47. DOI:
  6. Idroes, G. M., Hardi, I., Noviandy, T. R., Sasmita, N. R., Hilal, I. S., Kusumo, F., and Idroes, R. (2023). A Deep Dive into Indonesia’s CO2 Emissions: The Role of Energy Consumption, Economic Growth and Natural Disasters, Ekonomikalia Journal of Economics, Vol. 1, No. 2, 69–81. doi:10.60084/eje.v1i2.115. DOI:
  7. Haradhan, K. M. (2017). Greenhouse Gas Emissions, Global Warming and Climate Change, 15th Chittagong Conference on Mathematical Physics, 2017. Jamal Nazrul Islam Research Centre for Mathematical and Physical Sciences (JNIRCMPS). University of Chittagong, Chittagong, Bangladesh, No. March, 10.
  8. Rajak, J. (2021). A Preliminary Review on Impact of Climate change and our Environment with Reference to Global Warming, International Journal of Environmental Sciences, Vol. 10, No. 1, 11–14.
  9. Idroes, G. M., Noviandy, T. R., Maulana, A., Zahriah, Z., Suhendrayatna, S., Suhartono, E., Khairan, K., Kusumo, F., Helwani, Z., and Abd Rahman, S. (2023). Urban Air Quality Classification Using Machine Learning Approach to Enhance Environmental Monitoring, Leuser Journal of Environmental Studies, Vol. 1, No. 2, 62–68. doi:10.60084/ljes.v1i2.99. DOI:
  10. Suryati, I., Herlina, N., Hasibuan, N. H., Siregar, R. L., Husna, A., Silalahi, A., Audina, M., and Sari, S. (2021). The Mitigation Strategy for Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Household Activities in Medan City, IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, Vol. 802, No. 1. doi:10.1088/1755-1315/802/1/012034. DOI:
  11. International Renewable Energy Agency. (2023). World Energy Transitions Outlook 2023: 1.5°C Pathway.
  12. Idroes, G. M., Hardi, I., Hilal, I. S., Utami, R. T., Noviandy, T. R., and Idroes, R. (2024). Economic Growth and Environmental Impact: Assessing the Role of Geothermal Energy in Developing and Developed Countries, Innovation and Green Development, Vol. 3, No. 3, 100144. doi:10.1016/j.igd.2024.100144. DOI:
  13. Maulidia, M., Dargusch, P., Ashworth, P., and Ardiansyah, F. (2019). Rethinking Renewable Energy Targets and Electricity Sector Reform in Indonesia: A Private Sector Perspective, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Vol. 101, No. November 2018, 231–247. doi:10.1016/j.rser.2018.11.005. DOI:
  14. Aprianto, A., Maulana, A., Noviandy, T. R., Lala, A., Yusuf, M., Marwan, M., Afidh, R. P. F., Irvanizam, I., Nizamuddin, N., and Idroes, G. M. (2023). Exploring Geothermal Manifestations in Ie Jue , Indonesia : Enhancing Safety with Unmanned Aerial Vehicle, Leuser Journal of Environmental Studies, Vol. 1, No. 2, 47–54. doi:10.60084/ljes.v1i2.75. DOI:
  15. Bahri, R. A., Noviandy, T. R., Suhendra, R., Idroes, G. M., Yanis, M., Yandri, E., Nizamuddin, N., and Irvanizam, I. (2023). Utilization of Drone with Thermal Camera in Mapping Digital Elevation Model for Ie Seu’um Geothermal Manifestation Exploration Security, Leuser Journal of Environmental Studies, Vol. 1, No. 1, 25–33. doi:10.60084/ljes.v1i1.40. DOI:
  16. Rahman, A., Farrok, O., and Haque, M. M. (2022). Environmental Impact of Renewable Energy Source Based Electrical Power Plants: Solar, Wind, Hydroelectric, Biomass, Geothermal, Tidal, Ocean, and Osmotic, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Vol. 161. doi:10.1016/j.rser.2022.112279. DOI:
  17. Anggraini, M. (2022). Renewable Energy Policy as Indonesia’s Energy Security Strategy, Jurnal Mandala Jurnal Ilmu Hubungan Internasional, 24–47. doi:10.33822/mjihi.v5i1.4108. DOI:
  18. Gaspari, J., Antonini, E., Marchi, L., and Vodola, V. (2021). Energy Transition at Home: A Survey on the Data and Practices That Lead to a Change in Household Energy Behavior, Sustainability, Vol. 13, No. 9. doi:10.3390/su13095268. DOI:
  19. Keller, S., Otjen, A. J., McNally, M., Wilkinson, T. J., Dockery, B., Leonard, J., and Southworth, H. (2021). Improving Awareness of Energy Conservation: Rocky Mountain City, Journal of Ethics in Entrepreneurship and Technology, Vol. 1, No. 1, 4–19. doi:10.1108/jeet-10-2020-0011. DOI:
  20. Mertens, S. (2022). Design of Wind and Solar Energy Supply, to Match Energy Demand, Cleaner Engineering and Technology, Elsevier. doi:10.1016/j.clet.2022.100402. DOI:
  21. Chien, F. S., Kamran, H. W., Albashar, G., and Iqbal, W. (2021). Dynamic Planning, Conversion, and Management Strategy of Different Renewable Energy Sources: A Sustainable Solution for Severe Energy Crises in Emerging Economies, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol. 46, No. 11, 7745–7758. doi:10.1016/j.ijhydene.2020.12.004. DOI:
  22. Ntona, E., Arabatzis, G., and Kyriakopoulos, G. L. (2015). Energy Saving: Views and Attitudes of Students in Secondary Education, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Vol. 46, 1–15. doi:10.1016/j.rser.2015.02.033. DOI:
  23. Nie, H., Kemp, R., Xu, J. H., Vasseur, V., and Fan, Y. (2020). Split Incentive Effects on the Adoption of Technical and Behavioral Energy-Saving Measures in the Household Sector in Western Europe, Energy Policy, Vol. 140, No. April. doi:10.1016/j.enpol.2020.111424. DOI:
  24. Platis, M. I., and Romanowicz, J. (2020). Integrating Energy Saving Awareness into Student Engagement-Based Teaching and Learning Process, Sustainability, Vol. 12, No. 22, 1–18. doi:10.3390/su12229626. DOI:
  25. Jakučionytė-Skodienė, M., Dagiliūtė, R., and Liobikienė, G. (2020). Do General Pro-Environmental Behaviour, Attitude, and Knowledge Contribute to Energy Savings and Climate Change Mitigation in the Residential Sector?, Energy, Vol. 193. doi:10.1016/ DOI:
  26. Harland, P., Staats, H., and Wilke, H. A. M. (1999). Explaining Proenvironmental Intention and Behavior by Personal Norms and the Theory of Planned Behavior, Journal of Applied Social Psychology, Vol. 29, No. 12, 2505–2528. doi:10.1111/j.1559-1816.1999.tb00123.x. DOI:
  27. Chan, S. H., and Lay, Y. F. (2021). Effects of Attitude, Self-efficacy Beliefs, and Motivation on Behavioural Intention in Teaching Science, Eurasian Journal of Educational Research, Vol. 21, No. 93, 11–15. doi:10.14689/ejer.2021.93.11. DOI:
  28. Hu, J., Tang, K., Qian, X., Sun, F., and Zhou, W. (2021). Behavioral Change in Waste Separation at Source in an International Community: An Application of the Theory of Planned Behavior, Waste Management, Vol. 135, No. October, 397–408. doi:10.1016/j.wasman.2021.09.028. DOI:
  29. Salsabila, N., and Alversia, Y. (2020). Examining Push-Pull Motivation and Travel Intention for Potential Travelers in Indonesia Using Theory of Planned Behaviour, Proceedings of Tourism Development Centre International Conference, No. October, 38–48. doi:10.2478/9788395720406-004. DOI:
  30. Sok, J., Borges, J. R., Schmidt, P., and Ajzen, I. (2021). Farmer Behaviour as Reasoned Action: A Critical Review of Research with the Theory of Planned Behaviour, Journal of Agricultural Economics, Vol. 72, No. 2, 388–412. doi:10.1111/1477-9552.12408. DOI:
  31. Mousa, T. S., Jameel, A. S., and Ahmad, A. R. (2019). The Impact of Attitude , Subjective Norm and Information Communications Technology on Knowledge Sharing among Academic Staff, International Journal of Psychosocial Rehabilitation, Vol. 23, No. 02, 704–717.
  32. Sultan, P., Tarafder, T., Pearson, D., and Henryks, J. (2020). Intention-Behaviour Gap and Perceived Behavioural Control-Behaviour Gap in Theory of Planned Behaviour: Moderating Roles of Communication, Satisfaction and Trust in Organic Food Consumption, Food Quality and Preference, Vol. 81. doi:10.1016/j.foodqual.2019.103838. DOI:
  33. Hagger, M. S. (2019). The Reasoned Action Approach and the Theories of Reasoned Action and Planned Behavior, OSF. doi:10.31234/ DOI:
  34. Ajzen, I. (2020). The Theory of Planned Behavior: Frequently Asked Questions, Human Behavior and Emerging Technologies. doi:10.1002/hbe2.195. DOI:
  35. Boca, G. D., and Saraçli, S. (2019). Environmental Education and Student’s Perception, for Sustainability, Sustainability (Switzerland), Vol. 11, No. 6, 1–18. doi:10.3390/su11061553. DOI:
  36. Obaidellah, U. H., Danaee, M., Mamun, M. A. A., Hasanuzzaman, M., and Rahim, N. A. (2019). An Application of TPB Constructs on Energy-Saving Behavioural Intention among University Office Building Occupants: A Pilot Study in Malaysian Tropical Climate, Journal of Housing and the Built Environment (Vol. 34). doi:10.1007/s10901-018-9637-y. DOI:
  37. Belaïd, F., and Joumni, H. (2020). Behavioral Attitudes towards Energy Saving: Empirical Evidence from France, Energy Policy, Vol. 140. doi:10.1016/j.enpol.2020.111406. DOI:
  38. Verplanken, B., and Orbell, S. (2022). Attitudes, Habits, and Behavior Change, Annual Review OfPsychology, Vol. 73, 327–352. DOI:
  39. Fan, F., Lian, H., Liu, X., and Wang, X. (2021). Can Environmental Regulation Promote Urban Green Innovation Efficiency? An Empirical Study Based on Chinese Cities, Journal of Cleaner Production, Vol. 287, 125060. doi:10.1016/j.jclepro.2020.125060. DOI:
  40. Rahman, M. H., Akter, M., Uddin, M. K., and Biswas, R. (2023). The Role of Environmental Responsibility and Environmental Knowledge on Green Purchase Intention of Household Appliances in Bangladesh : Mediating Role of Environmental Concern, International Research Journal of Economics and Management Studies, Vol. 2, No. 4, 366–375. doi:10.56472/25835238/IRJEMS-V2I4P143.
  41. Liu, X., Wang, Q., Wei, H. H., Chi, H. L., Ma, Y., and Jian, I. Y. (2020). Psychological and Demographic Factors Affecting Household Energy-Saving Intentions: A TPB-Based Study in Northwest China, Sustainability, Vol. 12, No. 3, 1–20. doi:10.3390/su12030836. DOI:
  42. Liao, X., Shen, S. V., and Shi, X. (2020). The Effects of Behavioral Intention on the Choice to Purchase Energy-Saving Appliances in China: The Role of Environmental Attitude, Concern, and Perceived Psychological Benefits in Shaping Intention, Energy Efficiency (Vol. 13). doi:10.1007/s12053-019-09828-5. DOI:
  43. Vasseur, V., Marique, A. F., and Udalov, V. (2019). A Conceptual Framework to Understand Households’ Energy Consumption, Energies, Vol. 12, No. 22, 1–22. doi:10.3390/en12224250. DOI:
  44. Wang, C., Wang, F., Huang, G., Wang, Y., Zhang, X., Ye, Y., Lin, X., and Zhang, Z. (2021). Examining the Dynamics and Determinants of Energy Consumption in China’s Megacity Based on Industrial and Residential Perspectives, Sustainability, Vol. 13, No. 2, 1–21. doi:10.3390/su13020764. DOI:
  45. Grilli, G., and Curtis, J. (2021). Encouraging Pro-Environmental Behaviours: A Review of Methods and Approaches, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Vol. 135, No. June 2020, 110039. doi:10.1016/j.rser.2020.110039. DOI:
  46. Yandri, E., Idroes, R., Maulana, A., and Zahriah, Z. (2023). Design Concept of Information Control Systems for Green Manufacturing Industries with IoT-Based Energy Efficiency and Productivity, Leuser Journal of Environmental Studies, Vol. 1, No. 1, 9–17. doi:10.60084/ljes.v1i1.36. DOI:
  47. Yandri, E., Ariati, R., Uyun, A. S., Setyobudi, R. H., Anne, O., Susanto, H., and Vincevica-Gaile, Z. (2020). Implementation of walk-through audits for designing energy management system: A first step towards an efficient campus, IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, Vol. 490, No. 1. doi:10.1088/1755-1315/490/1/012005. DOI:
  48. Yandri, E., Idroes, R., Setyobudi, R. H., Rudationo, C. B., Wahono, S. K., Mahaswa, R. K., Burlakovs, J., and Susanto, H. (2021). Reducing Energy and Water Consumption in Textile Dyeing Industry with Cleaner Production by Inlet-Outlet Modification to Reuse Wastewater, Proceedings of the Pakistan Academy of Sciences: Part A, Vol. 58, No. S, 49–58. doi:10.53560/PPASA(58-sp1)732. DOI:
  49. Yandri, E., Ariati, R., Saepul Uyun, A., Hendroko Setyobudi, R., Susanto, H., Abdullah, K., Krido Wahono, S., Adhi Nugroho, Y., Yaro, A., and Burlakovs, J. (2020). Potential Energy Efficiency and Solar Energy Applications in a Small Industrial Laundry: A Practical Study of Energy Audit, E3S Web of Conferences, Vol. 190. doi:10.1051/e3sconf/202019000008. DOI:
  50. Yandri, E., Suherman, S., Lomi, A., Setyobudi, R. H., Ariati, R., Pramudito, P., Ronald, R., Ardiani, Y., Burlakovs, J., Zahoor, M., Shah, L. A., Fauzi, A., Tonda, R., and Iswahyudi, I. (2024). Sustainable Energy Efficiency in Aluminium Parts Industries Utilizing Waste Heat and Equivalent Volume with Energy Management Control System, Proceedings of the Estonian Academy of Sciences, Vol. 73, No. 1, 29–42. doi:10.3176/proc.2024.1.04. DOI:
  51. Yandri, E., Pramudito, P., Ronald, R., Ardiani, Y., Ariati, R., Setyobudi, R. H., Widodo, W., Zahoor, M., Zekker, I., and Lomi, A. (2022). Technical Design of Aluminium Scrap Processing Machines by Utilizing Direct Exhaust Air Using Conveyor Drying System, Proceedings of the Estonian Academy of Sciences, Vol. 71, No. 2, 178–185. doi:10.3176/proc.2022.2.01. DOI:




How to Cite

Lodewijk, D. P. Y., Yandri, E., Murdiyansah, N. and Ariati, R. (2024) “Cultivating Energy Conscious Communities: The Path to Increased Efficiency”, Heca Journal of Applied Sciences, 2(1), pp. 35–45. doi: 10.60084/hjas.v2i1.157.