Author Guidelines


Authors are requested to submit their manuscripts by using the OJS online submission system available at This site will guide authors through the submission process. The editorial office will acknowledge receipt of the manuscript. In case of difficulty, please contact the editorial office ( Editors will decide, within two weeks, whether to further process the paper for the refereeing stage. When submitting a manuscript, the corresponding author must confirm the following in writing:

  1. All authors listed have read and approved the material being submitted.
  2. The text and findings reported therein are wholly the work of the authors and those acknowledged.

The manuscript submitted or the data contained therein has not been published or accepted for publication in any other journal and is not under consideration for publication elsewhere.


Papers may be returned to authors for revision. Authors will be given some times after receipt of the reviewers' comments to revise their papers. Revisions must be submitted within due date that editor assign through the online submission system. A paper will be automatically rejected if the revision is not submitted within the due date.


Papers may be rejected, but authors are allowed to resubmit them, provided that significant improvements have been made. Resubmissions will be treated as new submissions.


Authors must use the Microsoft Word template to prepare their manuscript. Using the template file will substantially shorten the time to complete copy-editing and publication of accepted manuscripts. The total amount of data for all files must not exceed 20 MB. If this is a problem, please contact the Editorial Office email editor.

Manuscripts prepared in Microsoft Word must be converted into a single file before submission. When preparing manuscripts in Microsoft Word, select the target journal you want to submit below heca Publication template file must be used. Please insert your graphics (schemes, figures, etc.) in the main text after the paragraph of its first citation.


Title page

The organization shown below should be followed (in the order given):

  1. Title of the paper
  2. Author name(s)
  3. Author affiliation(s)
  4. Address(es) of the institution(s) at which the work was performed
  5. Name, postal and e-mail addresses, and phone and fax numbers of the corresponding author to whom the revision or galley proofs of the paper are to be sent.

The title should be brief and should not exceed 20 words. The affiliation address for each author should be indicated by superscript Arabic numbers (1, 2, 3, etc.)


Articles must include an abstract of 300 words or fewer. The abstract should not repeat the information already present in the title. The abstract should be written in English.


Immediately after the abstract, provide a maximum of 7 keywords. Please avoid general terms, multiple concepts (avoid, for example, and or of), and abbreviations. Only abbreviations firmly established in the field are eligible.


The introduction presents the purpose of the studies reported and their relationship to earlier work in the field. It should not be an extensive review of the literature. Use only those references required to provide the most salient background to allow the readers to understand and evaluate the purpose and results of the present study without referring to previous publications on the topic.

Materials and Methods

The Materials and Methods sections should be brief, but they should provide enough technical details so that someone with expertise can replicate the experiments. If you've developed new methods for your study, those should be explained thoroughly. When it comes to techniques that have been previously published by other researchers, you don't need to explain them extensively in your paper. Instead, you can simply mention the name of the method and cite the source where it was originally described. This helps ensure that the paper doesn't become too lengthy while still providing the necessary information for others to recreate your experiments.

Results and Discussion

The Results and Discussion section should present the findings of the study. It should be organized logically and use tables and figures to help illustrate the results. The results should be presented clearly and accurately, with appropriate statistical analyses. This section should also interpret the results and explain how they answer the research question(s) or support the hypothesis(es). It should compare the results with previous studies and discuss the implications of the findings. It should also identify any limitations of the study and suggest areas for future research. This section may be divided by subheadings. It should provide a concise and precise description of the experimental results, their interpretation, as well as the experimental conclusions that can be drawn.


The conclusions section should summarize the main findings and their implications. It should restate the research question(s) or hypothesis(es) and state whether they were supported or not. It should also discuss the significance of the findings for the field.

Author Contributions

Authors submitting a manuscript to our journal affirm that they have each made substantive intellectual contributions to a published study, which include: the conception or design of the work; or the acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data for the work; or the development of new software used in the work. Furthermore, each author has drafted the work or revised it critically for important intellectual content; has given final approval of the version to be published; and agrees to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved. This encompasses a commitment from authors to follow up on the scientific discourse that arises from their published work, providing clarity and support for their contributions and maintaining the integrity of the research record.

A short paragraph specifying their individual contributions must be provided. The following statements should be used

“Conceptualization, X.X. and Y.Y.; methodology, X.X.; software, X.X.; validation, X.X., Y.Y. and Z.Z.; formal analysis, X.X.; investigation, X.X.; resources, X.X.; data curation, X.X.; writing—original draft preparation, X.X.; writing—review and editing, X.X.; visualization, X.X.; supervision, X.X.; project administration, X.X.; funding acquisition, Y.Y. All authors have read and agreed to the published version of the manuscript.”


The funding section should list any sources of funding for the study, including the grant number if applicable. If there is no funding, the authors should state that “This study does not receive external funding.”

Ethical Clearance

Provide a clear statement indicating that ethical clearance was obtained for the study, including the name of the ethics committee or institutional review board (IRB) that granted clearance. Or add “Not applicable” for studies not involving humans or animals.

Informed Consent Statement

Any research article describing a study involving humans should contain this statement. Please add “Informed consent was obtained from all subjects involved in the study.” OR “Patient consent was waived due to REASON (please provide a detailed justification).” OR “Not applicable.” for studies not involving humans. You might also choose to exclude this statement if the study did not involve humans.

Written informed consent for publication must be obtained from participating patients who can be identified (including by the patients themselves). Please state “Written informed consent has been obtained from the patient(s) to publish this paper” if applicable.

Data Availability Statement

The data availability statement should state whether data is available and how it can be accessed. It should also provide any necessary details on data sharing policies.


This section should thank individuals or organizations that contributed to the study in any way, but did not qualify for authorship. This may include technical support, funding, or helpful discussions.

Conflicts of Interest

The section should disclose any potential or actual conflicts of interest that may have influenced the study design, interpretation of the results, or reporting of the findings. If there is no conflict of interest, authors should state that “All the authors declare that there are no conflicts of interest.”.


References should be numbered in order of appearance in the text and listed at the end of the article. The list should include all sources cited in the article, including books, journal articles, and online sources. Each reference should be identified by a number in square brackets and listed in numerical order, for example, "according to the findings by Anderson [4]” and “as discussed extensively in related works [5,6]”.

Every article submitted to the Heca Journal of Applied Sciences shall use reference management software such as Mendeley, Zotero, or EndNote.

For example:

  1. Lastname, F. M., and Lastname, F. M. (Year). Journal Article Title. Journal Name, vol. x(issue), pp xx-xx, doi:xxxx
  2. Lastname, F. M. (Year). Title. Conference Name. City, vol. XX, pp XX-XX, doi:xxxx
  3. Lastname, F. M. (Year). Book Title. Publisher:City, Country
  4. Lastname, F. M. (Year). Website Source Title. Accessed on DD Month YYYY. Available online: URL